In December 2014, Afghan Wireless became the first telecommunications company in Afghanistan to offer true mobile broadband services. Afghan Wireless Managing Director Amin Ramin expressed confidence that subscribers would quickly notice the improvements, noting that he and his associates are “proud to become the first true mobile broadband provider in the country by the globally-accepted definition of the word ‘broadband.’”
Offering high-speed access and nearly constant connectivity, broadband is the most commonly used method of establishing Internet access. It is available in a number of different types of connections, which may vary based on subscribers’ location and choice of service package.
A Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), which uses preexisting, unused telephone lines, offers speeds of between several hundred kilobytes per second (KBps) and millions of bits per second (Mbps). The speed of a DSL broadband connection typically varies based on a home or business’ distance from the telephone company facility or switching station.
Offered by cable TV providers, cable broadband requires a cable modem and coaxial cables. Since users within defined geographic areas share the same bandwidth, cable broadband subscribers may experience speed fluctuations based on network traffic loads.
Broadband providers may also use satellites to deliver Internet services, providing access to remote areas, but at far slower speeds. In contrast, fiber optic broadband connections represent one of the fastest methods of Internet connectivity, transmitting electrical signals in the form of light through extremely fine glass fibers.